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Citing Sources (Citation Styles): APA Style

APA Format

Many Social Science disciplines use APA format for citing sources.  The most recent guide is the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological AssociationSee our additional page to format in-text or parenthetical citations.  

The following examples of the most commons types of citations are based on the 7th edition (2020) of the APA manual.  For additional examples, consult chapter 10 (pages 313–352) of the APA Manual or browse the APA Style online guide at http://apastyle.apa.org 

Book,
Single Author
10.2

Ball, P. (2001). Bright earth: Art and the invention of color. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.     

Book,
Multiple Authors
10.2

Bird, K., & Martin, J. S. (2005). American prometheus: The triumph and tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer. Alfred A. Knopf.

Book,
Editor
10.2

Silverstein, T. (Ed). (1974). Sir Gawain and the green knight. University of Chicago Press.

Chapter in a Book
10.3

Demos, J. (2001). Real lives and other fictions: Reconsidering Wallace Stegner's Angle of Repose. In M. Carnes (Ed.), Novel history: Historians and novelists confront America's past (and each other), (pp. 132–145). Simon and Schuster.

Journal Article
10.1

Burns, S. (2005). Ordering the artist's body: Thomas Eakins' acts of self-portrayal. American Art, 19(1), 90–102.

Journal Article with DOI
10.1

Murdock, L., & Hobbs, J. (2011). Picture me playing: Increasing pretend play dialogue of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(7), 870–878. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1108-6

Journal Article Without a DOI,
Not From an Academic Research Database
10.1

Tilak, J.G. (2002). Education and poverty. Journal of Human Development, 3(2), 191–207. http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/cjhd20

Thesis or Dissertation
10.6

Erickson, C. (2008).Critical multiculturalism and preservice teacher education [Doctoral dissertation, University of West Florida]. Florida Digital Archive. http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/WFE000011

Web Page (not fitting into another category)
10.16

Mikkelson, D. (2001, December 18). Did Coca-Cola invent the modern image of Santa Claus? Snopes. https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/the-claus-that-refreshes/

YouTube Video

10.12

TEDx Talks. (2016, December 29). Lessons from a thousand years of island sustainability | Sam ʻOhu Gon III, PhD | TEDxMaui [Video]. YouTube. https://youtu.be/l9fv_2XIJBk

APA 7th Edition

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